"Google,s data-friendly app YouTube"

Censorship of YouTube

Censorship and filtering

Censorship of YouTube

As of 2017, countries with standing national bans on YouTube are China and North Korea, while Iran blocks YouTube on only one internet service provider.

YouTube may be blocked for a variety of reasons, including:

  • Limiting public exposure to content that may ignite social or political unrest;

  • Preventing criticism of a ruler (in North Korea), government (in China) or its actions (in Morocco), government officials (in Turkey and Libya), or religion (in Pakistan);

  • Violations of national laws, including:

    • Copyright and intellectual property protection laws, for example in Germany;

    • Violations of hate speech, ethics, or morality-based laws, in Iran; and

  • Preventing access to videos judged to be inappropriate for youth, which is also done by YouTube with the YouTube Kids app and with "Restricted mode";

  • Reducing distractions at work or school, in Australia; and

  • Reducing the amount of network bandwidth used.

In some countries, YouTube is completely blocked, either through a long-term standing ban or for more limited periods of time such as during periods of unrest, the run-up to an election, or in response to upcoming political anniversaries. In other countries access to the website as a whole remains open, but access to specific videos is blocked. In cases where the entire site is banned due to one particular video, YouTube will often agree to remove or limit access to that video in order to restore service. Businesses, schools, government agencies, and other private institutions often block social media sites, including YouTube, due to bandwidth limitations and the site's potential for distraction.

Several countries have previously blocked access to YouTube:

  • Iran temporarily blocked access on December 3, 2006, to YouTube and several other sites, after declaring them as violating social and moral codes of conduct. The YouTube block came after a video was posted online that appeared to show an Iranian soap opera star having sex. The block was later lifted and then reinstated after Iran's 2009 presidential election. In 2012, Iran reblocked access, along with access to Google, after the controversial film Innocence of Muslims trailer was released on YouTube.

  • Thailand blocked access between 2006 and 2007 due to offensive videos relating to King Bhumibol Adulyadej.

  • Some Australian state education departments block YouTube citing "an inability to determine what sort of video material might be accessed" and "There's no educational value to it and the content of the material on the site."

  • China blocked access from October 15, 2007, to March 22, 2008, and again starting on March 24, 2009. Access remains blocked.

  • Morocco blocked access in May 2007, possibly as a result of videos critical of Morocco's actions in Western Sahara. YouTube became accessible again on May 30, 2007, after Maroc Telecom unofficially announced that the denied access to the website was a mere "technical glitch".

  • Turkey blocked access between 2008 and 2010 after controversy over videos deemed insulting to Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. In November 2010, a video of the Turkish politician Deniz Baykal caused the site to be blocked again briefly, and the site was threatened with a new shutdown if it did not remove the video. During the two and a half-year block of YouTube, the video-sharing website remained the eighth-most-accessed site in Turkey. In 2014, Turkey blocked the access for the second time, after "a high-level intelligence leak."

  • Pakistan blocked access on February 23, 2008, because of "offensive material" towards the Islamic faith, including display of the Danish cartoons of Muhammad. This led to a near global blackout of the YouTube site for around two hours, as the Pakistani block was inadvertently transferred to other countries. On February 26, 2008, the ban was lifted after the website had removed the objectionable content from its servers at the request of the government. Many Pakistanis circumvented the three-day block by using virtual private network software. In May 2010, following the Everybody Draw Mohammed Day, Pakistan again blocked access to YouTube, citing "growing sacrilegious content". The ban was lifted on May 27, 2010, after the website removed the objectionable content from its servers at the request of the government. However, individual videos deemed offensive to Muslims posted on YouTube will continue to be blocked. Pakistan again placed a ban on YouTube in September 2012, after the site refused to remove the film Innocence of Muslims, with the ban still in operation as of September 2013. The ban was lifted in January 2016 after YouTube launched a Pakistan-specific version.

  • Turkmenistan blocked access on December 25, 2009, for unknown reasons. Other websites, such as LiveJournal were also blocked.

  • Libya blocked access on January 24, 2010, because of videos that featured demonstrations in the city of Benghazi by families of detainees who were killed in Abu Salim prison in 1996, and videos of family members of Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi at parties. The blocking was criticized by Human Rights Watch. In November 2011, after the Libyan Civil War, YouTube was once again allowed in Libya.

  • Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Russia, and Sudan blocked access in September 2012 following controversy over a 14-minute trailer for the film Innocence of Muslims which had been posted on the site.

  • In Libya and Egypt, the Innocence of Muslims trailer was blamed[by whom?] for violent protests in September 2012. YouTube stated that "This video—which is widely available on the Web—is clearly within our guidelines and so will stay on YouTube. However, given the very difficult situation in Libya and Egypt, we have temporarily restricted access in both countries."

See also

Listen to this article

(

info/dl

)

MENU

0:00


This audio file was created from a revision of the article "YouTube" dated 2011-03-26, and does not reflect subsequent edits to the article. (Audio help)

More spoken articles

General

References

Further reading

External links

Find more aboutYouTubeat Wikipedia's sister projects

show

YouTube

References

Notes

  1. ^ Jump up to:a b c "youtube.com Traffic Statistics". Alexa Internet. Amazon.com. July 9, 2017. Retrieved August 2, 2018.

  2. Jump up^ Claburn, Thomas (January 5, 2017). "Google's Grumpy code makes Python Go". The Register. Retrieved September 16, 2017.

  3. Jump up^ Wilson, Jesse (May 19, 2009). "Guice Deuce". Official Google Code Blog. Google. Retrieved March 25, 2017.

  4. Jump up^ "YouTube Architecture – High Scalability -". Retrieved October 13, 2014.

  5. Jump up^ "Golang Vitess: a database wrapper written in Go as used by Youtube".

  6. Jump up^ Graham, Jefferson (November 21, 2005). "Video websites pop up, invite postings". USA Today. Gannett Company. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  7. Jump up^ "YouTube: Sharing Digital Camera Videos". University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Archived from the originalon January 11, 2009. Retrieved November 29, 2008.

  8. ^ Jump up to:a b Cloud, John (December 25, 2006). "The YouTube Gurus". Time. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  9. Jump up^ Hopkins, Jim (October 11, 2006). "Surprise! There's a third YouTube co-founder". USA Today. Gannett Company. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  10. Jump up^ Earliest surviving version of the YouTube websiteWayback Machine, April 28, 2005. Retrieved June 19, 2013.

  11. Jump up^ Helft, Miguel; Richtel, Matt (October 10, 2006). "Venture Firm Shares a YouTube Jackpot". The New York Times. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  12. Jump up^ Kehaulani Goo, Sara (October 7, 2006). "Ready for Its Close-Up". The Washington Post. Nash Holdings LLC. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  13. Jump up^ "Whois Record for www.youtube.com". DomainTools. Retrieved April 1, 2009.

  14. Jump up^ Alleyne, Richard (July 31, 2008). "YouTube: Overnight success has sparked a backlash". The Daily Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  15. Jump up^ "Me at the zoo". YouTube. April 23, 2005. Retrieved August 3, 2009.

  16. Jump up^ "Ronaldinho: Touch of Gold – YouTube". Wayback Machine. November 25, 2005. Archived from the originalon November 25, 2005. Retrieved January 1, 2017.

  17. Jump up^ "Most Viewed – YouTube". Wayback Machine. November 2, 2005. Archived from the original on November 2, 2005. Retrieved January 1, 2017.

  18. Jump up^ "YouTube: a history". The Daily Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. April 17, 2010. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  19. Jump up^ Dickey, Megan Rose (February 15, 2013). "The 22 Key Turning Points in the History of YouTube". Business Insider. Axel Springer SE. Retrieved March 25, 2017.

  20. Jump up^ "YouTube serves up 100 million videos a day online". USA Today. Gannett Company. July 16, 2006. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  21. Jump up^ "comScore Releases May 2010 U.S. Online Video Rankings". comScore. Retrieved June 27, 2010.

  22. ^ Jump up to:a b c Oreskovic, Alexei (January 23, 2012). "Exclusive: YouTube hits 4 billion daily video views". Reuters. Thomson Reuters. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  23. Jump up^ Welch, Chris (May 19, 2013). "YouTube users now upload 100 hours of video every minute". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  24. Jump up^ Russell, Jon (May 19, 2013). "YouTube reveals users now upload more than 100 hours of video per minute, as the site turns eight". The Next Web. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  25. Jump up^ E. Solsman, Joan (November 12, 2014). "YouTube's Music Key: Can paid streaming finally hook the masses?". CNET. CBS Interactive. Retrieved March 25, 2017.

  26. Jump up^ Hamedy, Saba (February 28, 2017). "People now spend 1 billion hours watching YouTube every day". Mashable. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  27. Jump up^ Bates, Daniel (March 1, 2017). "YouTube users watch more than a BILLION hours of footage every day … and is set to overtake TV viewing". The Sun. News UK. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  28. ^ Jump up to:a b Seabrook, John (January 16, 2012). "Streaming Dreams". The New Yorker. Retrieved January 6, 2012.

  29. Jump up^ Carter, Lewis (April 7, 2008). "Web could collapse as video demand soars". The Daily Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  30. Jump up^ "Youtube.com Analytics". SimilarWeb. Retrieved June 29, 2015.

  31. Jump up^ "Top 50 sites in the world for Arts And Entertainment > TV And Video". SimilarWeb. Retrieved June 29, 2015.

  32. Jump up^ Wasserman, Todd (February 15, 2015). "The revolution wasn't televised: The early days of YouTube". Mashable. Retrieved July 4, 2018.

  33. Jump up^ Zappone, Christian (October 12, 2006). "Help! YouTube is killing my business!". CNN. Retrieved November 29, 2008.

  34. Jump up^ Blakely, Rhys (November 2, 2006). "Utube sues YouTube". The Times. London. Retrieved November 29,2008.

  35. Jump up^ La Monica, Paul R. (October 9, 2006). "Google to buy YouTube for $1.65 billion". CNNMoney. CNN. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  36. Jump up^ Arrington, Michael (October 9, 2006). "Google Has Acquired YouTube". TechCrunch. AOL. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  37. Jump up^ Arrington, Michael (November 13, 2006). "Google Closes YouTube Acquisition". TechCrunch. AOL. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  38. Jump up^ "Google closes $A2b YouTube deal". The Age. Fairfax Media. November 14, 2006. Archived from the original on December 20, 2007. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  39. Jump up^ Sweney, Mark (January 20, 2010). "Cricket: IPL goes global with live online deal". The Guardian. London. Retrieved February 6, 2010.

  40. Jump up^ "YouTube redesigns website to keep viewers captivated". AFP. Retrieved April 1, 2010.

  41. Jump up^ Parr, Ben (May 17, 2010). "YouTube Surpasses Two Billion Video Views Daily". Mashable. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  42. Jump up^ Kincaid, Jason (May 16, 2010). "Five Years In, YouTube Is Now Streaming Two Billion Views Per Day". TechCrunch. AOL. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  43. Jump up^ Barnett, Emma (May 17, 2010). "YouTube hits two billion views a day". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  44. Jump up^ O'Neill, Megan (May 25, 2011). "YouTube Celebrates Its 6th Birthday With 3 Billion Daily Views". Adweek. Beringer Capital. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  45. Jump up^ Bryant, Martin (May 25, 2011). "YouTube hits 3 Billion views per day, 2 DAYS worth of video uploaded every minute". The Next Web. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  46. Jump up^ "YouTube moves past 3 billion views a day". CNET. CBS Interactive. May 25, 2011. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  47. Jump up^ Perez, Sarah (January 23, 2012). "YouTube Reaches 4 Billion Views Per Day". TechCrunch. AOL. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  48. Jump up^ McCormick, Rich (February 27, 2017). "Humans watch a billion hours of YouTube every single day". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  49. Jump up^ Lumb, David (February 27, 2017). "One billion hours of YouTube are watched every day". Engadget. AOL. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  50. Jump up^ Broussard, Mitchel (February 28, 2017). "YouTube Users Watch More Than 1 Billion Hours of Video a Day, Will Soon Outpace U.S. TV". MacRumors. Retrieved March 26,2017.

  51. Jump up^ "Hurley stepping down as YouTube chief executive". AFP. October 29, 2010. Retrieved October 30, 2010.

  52. Jump up^ Whitelaw, Ben (April 20, 2011). "Almost all YouTube views come from just 30% of films". The Daily Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  53. Jump up^ Whitney, Lance (November 4, 2011). "Google+ now connects with YouTube, Chrome". CNET. CBS Interactive. Retrieved March 25, 2017.

  54. Jump up^ "YouTube's website redesign puts the focus on channels". BBC. December 2, 2011. Retrieved December 2, 2011.

  55. Jump up^ Cashmore, Pete (October 26, 2006). "YouTube Gets New Logo, Facelift and Trackbacks – Growing Fast!". Retrieved December 2, 2011.

  56. ^ Jump up to:a b c "YouTube launches pay-to-watch subscription channels". BBC News. May 9, 2013. Retrieved May 11,2013.

  57. Jump up^ Nakaso, Dan (May 7, 2013). "YouTube providers could begin charging fees this week". Mercury News. Retrieved May 10, 2013.

  58. Jump up^ Oreskovic, Alexei. "Google taps longtime executive Wojcicki to head YouTube". Reuters. Retrieved September 16, 2017.

  59. Jump up^ "YouTube announces plans for a subscription music service". The Verge. Retrieved May 17, 2018.

  60. Jump up^ Perez, Sarah (February 23, 2015). "Hands on With "YouTube Kids," Google's Newly Launched, Child-Friendly YouTube App". TechCrunch. AOL. Retrieved March 26,2017.

  61. Jump up^ Dredge, Stuart (August 26, 2015). "Google launches YouTube Gaming to challenge Amazon-owned Twitch". The Guardian. Retrieved September 5, 2015.

  62. Jump up^ Reader, Ruth. "Google wants you to pay $9.99 per month for ad-free YouTube". Venturebeat. Retrieved October 22,2015.

  63. Jump up^ "Exclusive: An inside look at the new ad-free YouTube Red". The Verge. Retrieved May 17, 2018.

  64. Jump up^ "YouTube Music isn't perfect, but it's still heaven for music nerds". Engadget. Retrieved November 7, 2016.

  65. Jump up^ Avalos, George (January 20, 2016). "YouTube expansion in San Bruno signals big push by video site". San Jose Mercury News. Retrieved February 3, 2016.

  66. Jump up^ "YouTube has a new look and, for the first time, a new logo". The Verge. Retrieved May 7, 2018.

  67. Jump up^ "YouTube shooting: Suspect visited shooting range before attack". BBC News. April 4, 2018. Retrieved April 9, 2018.

  68. Jump up^ "Google announces YouTube Music and YouTube Premium". The Verge. Retrieved May 17, 2018.

  69. Jump up^ Fildes, Jonathan (October 5, 2009). "Flash moves on to smart phones". BBC. Retrieved November 30, 2009.

  70. Jump up^ "YouTube HTML5 Video Player". YouTube. Retrieved April 12, 2011.

  71. Jump up^ "Watch this YouTube Video without the Flash Player". Retrieved November 30, 2009.

  72. Jump up^ "HTML5 YouTube viewer: close, but not quite there". Archived from the original on November 10, 2009. Retrieved December 1, 2017.

  73. Jump up^ "YouTube HTML5 Video Player". Retrieved January 21,2010.

  74. Jump up^ Shankland, Stephen (May 19, 2010). "Google tries freeing Web video with WebM". CNET. CBS Interactive. Retrieved March 25, 2017.

  75. Jump up^ YouTube: Google I/O 2013 – Adaptive Streaming for You and YouTube on YouTube

  76. Jump up^ Rajeev Tiwari (January 3, 2013). "Streaming Media and RTOS: MPEG-DASH Support in Youtube". Streamingcodecs.blogspot.hu. Retrieved March 13, 2014.

  77. ^ Jump up to:a b "Upload videos longer than 15 minutes" YouTube Help. Retrieved July 15, 2017.

  78. Jump up^ "Introduction to live streaming" YouTube Help. Retrieved September 22, 2017.

  79. Jump up^ Fisher, Ken (March 29, 2006). "YouTube caps video lengths to reduce infringement". Ars Technica. Condé Nast. Retrieved March 25, 2017.

  80. Jump up^ Lowensohn, Josh (July 29, 2010). "YouTube bumps video limit to 15 minutes". CNET. CBS Interactive. Retrieved March 25, 2017.

  81. Jump up^ University of Washington. "Adding Captions to YouTube Videos". University of Washington. Retrieved September 4, 2016.

  82. Jump up^ "Video Formats: File formats". YouTube. Retrieved December 4, 2008.

  83. Jump up^ "Getting Started: File formats". YouTube. Retrieved August 14, 2010.

  84. Jump up^ Kokaram, Anil; Foucu, Thierry; Hu, Yang (April 20, 2016). "A look into YouTube's video file anatomy". YouTube Engineering and Developers Blog. Google. Retrieved March 25, 2017.

  85. Jump up^ Tinic Uro (August 13, 2005). "The quest for a new video codec in Flash 8". Archived from the original on February 6, 2009. Retrieved January 27, 2011. We went this route before with Sorenson Spark which is an incomplete implementation of H.263 and it bit us badly when trying to implement certain solutions.

  86. Jump up^ Adobe Systems Incorporated (2010). "Adobe Flash Video File Format Specification Version 10.1" (PDF). p. 72. Retrieved January 27, 2011. Sorenson H.263

  87. Jump up^ "Market Demand for Sorenson Media's Sorenson Spark Video Decoder Expands Sharply". Sorenson Media. June 2, 2009. Retrieved July 31, 2009.

  88. Jump up^ "YouTube Mobile goes live". June 17, 2007. Archived from the original on June 20, 2007. Retrieved August 11,2010.

  89. Jump up^ "YouTube Videos in High Quality". Official YouTube Blog. Google. March 14, 2008. Retrieved March 25, 2017.

  90. Jump up^ Lowensohn, Josh (November 20, 2008). "YouTube videos go HD with a simple hack". CNET. CBS Interactive. Retrieved March 25, 2017.

  91. Jump up^ Sarukkai, Ramesh (July 9, 2010). "What's bigger than 1080p? 4K video comes to YouTube". Official YouTube Blog. Google. Retrieved March 25, 2017.

  92. Jump up^ Lowensohn, Josh (July 9, 2010). "YouTube now supports 4k-resolution videos". CNET. CBS Interactive. Retrieved March 25, 2017.

  93. Jump up^ Schroeder, Stan (June 10, 2015). "You can watch an 8K video on YouTube – in theory". MashableUK. Retrieved July 2, 2015.

  94. Jump up^ Robertson, Steven; Verma, Sanjeev (November 7, 2016). "True colors: adding support for HDR videos on YouTube". Official YouTube Blog. Google. Retrieved March 25, 2017.

  95. Jump up^ "Upload High Dynamic Range (HDR) videos". YouTube Help. Google. Retrieved March 25, 2017.

  96. Jump up^ Glotzbach, Matthew; Heckmann, Oliver (June 26, 2014). "Look ahead: creator features coming to YouTube". YouTube Creators Blog. Google. Retrieved March 25, 2017.

  97. Jump up^ Stuart, Keith (June 27, 2014). "Battlefield Hardline ushers in era of smooth YouTube trailers". The Guardian. Retrieved June 29, 2014.

  98. Jump up^ Kumparak, Greg (October 29, 2014). "YouTube Can Now Play Videos at a Buttery 60 Frames Per Second". TechCrunch. AOL. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  99. Jump up^ "Deploying VP9 at YouTube: a postmortem – Steven Robertson". October 16, 2014. Retrieved December 9,2014.

  100. Jump up^

    Gross, Doug (September 13, 2010).

    "YouTube testing live streaming"

    .

    CNN

    . Retrieved September 22, 2017.


  1. "YouTube in two-day live video-streaming test". BBC. September 13, 2010.

  2. Jump up^ "YouTube is going LIVE". YouTube Official Blog. April 8, 2011. Retrieved September 22, 2017.

  3. Jump up^ Pierce, David. "YouTube Is the Sleeping Giant of Livestreaming". WIRED. Retrieved September 22, 2017.

  4. Jump up^ "Felix Baumgartner's jump from space's edge watched by millions". Associated Press. October 15, 2012. Archived from the original on October 18, 2012. Retrieved October 15, 2012.

  5. Jump up^ Blagdon, Jeff (August 3, 2013). "YouTube opens up live streaming to anyone with 100 or more subscribers". The Verge.

  6. Jump up^ "YouTube opens live streaming for all verified accounts". MacNN. December 13, 2013. Retrieved September 22,2017.

  7. Jump up^ Palladino, Valentina (February 8, 2017). "YouTube now lets creators with 10,000 subscribers live-stream video on mobile". Ars Technica.

  8. Jump up^ "Create a live stream" YouTube Help. Retrieved September 22, 2017.

  9. ^ Jump up to:a b Garun, Natt (November 30, 2016). "YouTube now supports 4K live-streaming for both 360-degree and standard video". The Verge.

  10. Jump up^ Parker, Laura (April 12, 2017). "A Chat With a Live Streamer Is Yours, for a Price". The New York Times. Retrieved April 21, 2018.

  11. Jump up^ "YouTube in 3D". YouTube. July 21, 2009. Retrieved August 3, 2009.

  12. Jump up^ Marquit, Miranda (July 23, 2009). "YouTube in 3D?". Physorg. Retrieved August 3, 2009.

  13. Jump up^ Dsouza, Keith (July 20, 2009). "YouTube 3D Videos". Techie Buzz. Retrieved August 3, 2009.

  14. Jump up^ Sobti, Kshitij (July 21, 2009). "YouTube adds a dimension, 3D goggles not included". thinkdigit. Retrieved August 3,2009.

  15. Jump up^ Smith, Ryan (May 26, 2011). "YouTube Adds Stereoscopic 3D Video Support (And 3D Vision Support, Too)". AnandTech. Purch Group. Retrieved March 25, 2017.

  16. Jump up^ Bonnington, Christina (March 13, 2015). "You Can Now Watch and Upload 360-Degree Videos on YouTube". Wired. Condé Nast. Retrieved March 25, 2017.

  17. Jump up^ "YouTube's "VR180" format cuts down on VR video's prohibitive requirements". Ars Technica. Retrieved September 26, 2017.

  18. Jump up^ Perez, Sarah (September 13, 2016). "YouTube gets its own social network with the launch of YouTube Community". TechCrunch. AOL. Retrieved March 26,2017.

  19. Jump up^ McEvoy, Kiley (September 13, 2016). "YouTube Community goes beyond video". YouTube Creators Blog. Google. Retrieved March 25, 2017.

  20. Jump up^ "YouTube embedded video guide".

  21. Jump up^ "So long, video responses... Next up: better ways to connect". YouTube Creators Blog. Google. August 27, 2013. Retrieved March 25, 2017.

  22. Jump up^ YouTube. "Control comments and video responses". Retrieved August 28, 2013.

  23. Jump up^ "Terms of Use, 5.B". YouTube. Retrieved August 25,2010.

  24. Jump up^ Lowensohn, Josh (January 16, 2009). "(Some) YouTube videos get download option". CNET. CBS Interactive. Retrieved March 25, 2017.

  25. Jump up^ Milian, Mark (February 19, 2009). "YouTube looks out for content owners, disables video ripping". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 21, 2009.

  26. Jump up^ Rao, Leena (February 12, 2009). "YouTube Hopes To Boost Revenue With Video Downloads". The Washington Post. Nash Holdings LLC. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  27. Jump up^ Torrentfreak (June 19, 2012). "Google Threatens To Sue Huge YouTube MP3 Conversion Site". Retrieved September 4, 2013.

  28. Jump up^ Zamzar (June 12, 2012). "Downloading YouTube videos – no longer supported". Retrieved September 4, 2013.

  29. Jump up^ Casserly, Cathy (July 25, 2012). "Here's your invite to reuse and remix the 4 million Creative Commons-licensed videos on YouTube". Official YouTube Blog. Google. Retrieved March 25, 2017.

  30. Jump up^ "YouTube Mobile".

  31. Jump up^ Chitu, Alex (June 15, 2007). "Mobile YouTube". Unofficial Google Blog. Retrieved March 25, 2017.

  32. Jump up^ "YouTube Live on Apple TV Today; Coming to iPhone on June 29". Apple. June 20, 2007. Archived from the original on December 28, 2008. Retrieved January 17,2009.

  33. Jump up^ Zibreg, Christian (July 8, 2010). "Goodbye Flash: YouTube mobile goes HTML5 on iPhone and Android". Retrieved January 9, 2012.

  34. Jump up^ Kincaid, Jason (July 7, 2010). "YouTube Mobile Goes HTML5, Video Quality Beats Native Apps Hands Down". TechCrunch. AOL. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  35. Jump up^ "YouTube 2.1 App Now Available on Android Market". December 8, 2010. Retrieved January 9, 2012.

  36. Jump up^ Dredge, Stuart (September 11, 2012). "New YouTube iPhone app preempts iOS6 demotion". The Guardian. London. Retrieved September 11, 2012.

  37. Jump up^ Smith, Cooper (September 5, 2013). "Google+ Is The Fourth Most-Used Smartphone App". Business Insider. Axel Springer SE. Retrieved March 25, 2017.

  38. Jump up^ "TiVo Getting YouTube Streaming Today". Gizmodo. July 17, 2007. Retrieved February 17, 2009.

  39. Jump up^ "YouTube video comes to Wii and PlayStation 3 game consoles". Los Angeles Times. January 15, 2009. Retrieved January 17, 2009.

  40. Jump up^ "Coming Up Next... YouTube on Your TV". YouTube Blog. January 15, 2009. Archived from the original on June 22, 2009. Retrieved May 10, 2009.

  41. Jump up^ "Experience YouTube XL on the Big Screen". YouTube Blog. YouTube. June 2, 2009. Retrieved June 20, 2009.

  42. Jump up^ "Xbox Live Getting Live TV, YouTube & Bing Voice Search". Mashable. June 6, 2011. Retrieved December 22, 2011.

  43. Jump up^ "YouTube app wanders onto Nintendo Wii days before Wii U launch". Techradar.com. November 15, 2012. Retrieved November 20, 2012.

  44. Jump up^ Ali, Sarah (November 22, 2012). "Just for U: YouTube arrives on Wii U". Official YouTube Blog. Google. Retrieved March 25, 2017.

  45. Jump up^ Spangler, Todd (December 17, 2013). "YouTube Channel Now Playing on Roku". Variety. Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved March 25, 2017.

  46. Jump up^ O'Grady, Richard (October 28, 2014). "Pwn, share, repeat with YouTube on PlayStation 4". Official YouTube Blog. Google. Retrieved March 25, 2017.

  47. ^ Jump up to:a b c d e f g h i j k l m Sayer, Peter (June 19, 2007). "Google launches YouTube France News". PC Advisor. Retrieved August 3, 2009.

  48. Jump up^ See YouTube localisation list on the bottom of YouTube website.

  49. Jump up^ "Presentan hoy YouTube México" [YouTube México launched today] (in Spanish). El Universal. October 11, 2007. Archived from the original on May 16, 2009. Retrieved September 9, 2010.

  50. Jump up^ "中文上線 – YouTube 香港中文版登場!". Stanley5. October 17, 2007. Retrieved January 2, 2012.

  51. Jump up^ "YouTube台灣網站上線 手機版再等等". ZDNet. October 18, 2007. Archived from the original on July 6, 2010. Retrieved January 2, 2012.

  52. ^ Jump up to:a b Nicole, Kristen (October 22, 2007). "YouTube Launches in Australia & New Zealand". Mashable. Retrieved August 3, 2009.

  53. Jump up^ Nicole, Kristen (November 6, 2007). "YouTube Canada Now Live". Mashable. Retrieved August 3, 2009.

  54. Jump up^ Ostrow, Adam (November 8, 2007). "YouTube Germany Launches". Mashable. Retrieved August 3, 2009.

  55. Jump up^ "YouTube перевелся на русский" (in Russian). Kommersant Moscow. November 14, 2007. Retrieved March 22, 2012.

  56. Jump up^ Williams, Martyn (January 23, 2008). "YouTube Launches Korean Site". PC World. Retrieved March 22, 2012.

  57. Jump up^ Joshi, Sandeep (May 8, 2008). "YouTube now has an Indian incarnation". The Hindu. Chennai, India. Retrieved August 3, 2009.

  58. Jump up^ Bokuvka, Petr (October 12, 2008). "Czech version of YouTube launched. And it's crap. It sucks". The Czech Daily Word. Wordpress.com. Retrieved August 3, 2009.

  59. Jump up^ Launch video unavailable when YouTube opens up in Sweden October 23, 2008. Retrieved December 7, 2012.

  60. Jump up^ "YouTube launches in Argentina". September 9, 2010. Archived from the original on September 9, 2010. Retrieved September 9, 2010.

  61. ^ Jump up to:a b c d e f g "YouTube Launches Local Version For Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia and Yemen". ArabCrunch. Archived from the original on March 14, 2011. Retrieved March 13, 2011.

  62. Jump up^ Jidenma, Nmachi (September 1, 2011). "Google launches YouTube in Kenya". The Next Web. Retrieved March 22,2012.

  63. Jump up^ Nod, Tam (October 13, 2011). "YouTube launches 'The Philippines'". The Philippine Star. Retrieved October 13,2011.

  64. Jump up^ "YouTube Launches Singapore Site". Archived from the original on October 21, 2011. Retrieved September 23,2015.

  65. Jump up^ YouTube launches localized website for ColombiaDecember 1, 2011. Retrieved December 1, 2011.

  66. Jump up^ Google Launches YouTube Uganda Archived January 4, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. December 2, 2011. Retrieved January 15, 2012.

  67. Jump up^ Google to Launch YouTube Nigeria Today ArchivedJanuary 8, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. December 7, 2011. Retrieved January 15, 2012.

  68. Jump up^ Google launches YouTube Chile March 19, 2012. Retrieved March 22, 2012. Archived March 25, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.

  69. Jump up^ Google Launches Hungarian YouTube March 12, 2012. Retrieved March 22, 2012. Archived January 17, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.

  70. Jump up^ YouTube Launches Local Domain For Malaysia March 22, 2012. Retrieved March 22, 2012.

  71. Jump up^ YouTube Peru Launched, Expansion continues March 27, 2012. Retrieved April 1, 2012.

  72. Jump up^ Bindu Suresh Rai (April 2, 2012). "UAE version of YouTube launched". Emirates 247. Retrieved February 14, 2014.

  73. Jump up^ "YouTube Launches Indonesian Version", June 15, 2012. Retrieved July 8, 2012.

  74. Jump up^ "Google launches YouTube in Ghana" Archived June 24, 2012, at the Wayback Machine., June 22, 2012. Retrieved July 8, 2012.

  75. Jump up^ "YouTube launches local portal in Senegal", Jubr> ^ [3] itag 120 is for live streaming and has metadata referring to "Elemental Technologies Live". July 16, 2012. Retrieved July 25, 2012.

  76. Jump up^ "YouTube's Turkish version goes into service", October 1, 2012. Retrieved October 1, 2012.

  77. Jump up^ Tarasova, Maryna (December 13, 2012). "YouTube приходить в Україну! (YouTube comes in Ukraine!)" (in Ukrainian). Ukraine: Google Ukraine Blog.

  78. Jump up^ "YouTube lanceres i Danmark". Denmark: iProspect. Archived from the original on May 7, 2013. Retrieved April 17, 2013.

  79. Jump up^ Sormunen, Vilja (February 6, 2013). "YouTube Launches in the Nordics". Nordic: KLOK. Retrieved February 11, 2013.

  80. Jump up^ "YOUTUBE LAUNCHED IN NORWAY". Norway: TONO. Archived from the original on April 20, 2013. Retrieved April 17, 2013.

  81. Jump up^ "YouTube goes Swiss". Swiss: swissinfo. Retrieved April 17, 2013.

  82. Jump up^ "YouTube.at since Thursday online". Austria: Wiener Zeitung. Retrieved April 17, 2013.

  83. Jump up^ "Youtube România se lansează într-o săptămână". Romania: ZF.ro. Retrieved May 14, 2013.

  84. Jump up^ "Google lança versão lusa do YouTube". Portugal: Luso Noticias. Archived from the original on December 3, 2013. Retrieved May 14, 2013.

  85. Jump up^ (May 21, 2013). "Slováci už môžu oficiálne zarábať na tvorbe videí pre YouTube" (in Slovak). Vat Pravda. Retrieved February 14, 2014.

  86. ^ Jump up to:a b c d e Nick Rego (September 16, 2013). "YouTube expands monetization and partnership in GCC". tbreak Media. Archived from the original on February 13, 2014. Retrieved February 14, 2014.

  87. Jump up^ Ивелина Атанасова (March 18, 2014). "YouTube рекламата става достъпна и за България" (in Bulgarian). New Trend. Archived from the original on April 7, 2014. Retrieved April 5, 2014.

  88. Jump up^ "Oglašavanje na video platformi YouTube od sad dostupno i u Hrvatskoj" (in Croatian). Lider. March 19, 2014. Retrieved April 5, 2014.

  89. Jump up^ Siiri Oden (March 19, 2014). "Youtube reklaamid – uued võimalused nüüd ka Eestis!" (in Estonian). Meedium. Archived from the original on April 7, 2014. Retrieved April 5, 2014.

  90. Jump up^ Marta (March 18, 2014). "Tagad reklāmas iespējas Youtube kanālā iespējams izmantot arī Latvijā" (in Latvian). Marketing. Archived from the original on March 21, 2014. Retrieved April 5, 2014.

  91. Jump up^ STA (March 18, 2014). "Na Youtube prihajajo tudi slovenski video oglasi" (in Slovenian). Dnevnik. Retrieved April 5, 2014.

  92. Jump up^ Asina Pornwasin (April 3, 2014). "YouTube introduces homepage especially". The Nation. Retrieved April 4,2014.

  93. ^ Jump up to:a b c d Stephen Hall (October 12, 2015). "YouTube continues global expansion w/ versions of its site in 7 new locales". 9to5 Google. Retrieved March 18, 2016.

  94. ^ Jump up to:a b "YouTube launches Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka-specific homepages". The Himalayan Times. January 13, 2016. Retrieved January 31, 2016.

  95. Jump up^ "YouTube launches country-specific homepage for Pakistan". The Express Tribune. January 12, 2016. Retrieved January 31, 2016.

  96. Jump up^ "Learn More: Video not available in my country". google.com. Retrieved August 4, 2009.

  97. Jump up^ "Turkey lifts two-year ban on YouTube". BBC News. October 30, 2010. Retrieved October 3, 2012.

  98. Jump up^ Danforth, Nick (July 31, 2009). "Turks censor YouTube censorship". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved August 4,2009.

  99. Jump up^ Kerr, Dara (October 2, 2012). "YouTube cedes to Turkey and uses local Web domain". CNET. CBS Interactive. Retrieved March 25, 2017.

  100. Jump up^ Barnett, Emma (September 3, 2009). "Music videos back on YouTube in multi-million pound PRS deal". The Daily Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. Retrieved March 26,2017.

  1. Barnett, Emma (September 3, 2009). "Music videos back on YouTube in multi-million pound PRS deal". The Daily Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. Retrieved March 26,2017.

  2. Jump up^ "Now YouTube stops the music in Germany". The Guardian. London. April 1, 2009. Retrieved April 2, 2009.

  3. Jump up^ "YouTube Red".

  4. Jump up^ Trew, James (November 12, 2014). "YouTube unveils Music Key subscription service, here's what you need to know". Engadget. AOL. Retrieved March 25, 2017.

  5. Jump up^ Newton, Casey (November 12, 2014). "YouTube announces plans for a subscription music service". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved March 25, 2017.

  6. ^ Jump up to:a b Spangler, Todd (November 12, 2014). "YouTube Launches 'Music Key' Subscription Service with More Than 30 Million Songs". Variety. Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved March 25, 2017.

  7. Jump up^ Spangler, Todd (October 21, 2015). "YouTube Red Unveiled: Ad-Free Streaming Service Priced Same as Netflix". Variety. Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved March 25, 2017.

  8. Jump up^ Amadeo, Ron (October 21, 2015). ""YouTube Red" offers premium YouTube for $9.99 a month, $12.99 for iOS users". Ars Technica. Condé Nast. Retrieved March 25,2017.

  9. Jump up^ Popper, Ben (October 21, 2015). "A first look at the ad-free YouTube Red subscription service". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved March 25, 2017.

  10. Jump up^ Roberts, Hannah (November 3, 2016). "YouTube's ad-free paid subscription service looks like it is struggling to take off". Business Insider. Axel Springer SE. Retrieved March 25, 2017.

  11. Jump up^ "YouTube Red originals have racked up nearly 250 million views". The Verge. June 22, 2017. Retrieved September 16, 2017.

  12. Jump up^ Popper, Ben (June 17, 2014). "YouTube will block videos from artists who don't sign up for its paid streaming service". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved March 25,2017.

  13. Jump up^ "YouTube subscription music licensing strikes wrong notes with indie labels". The Guardian. London. Retrieved June 17, 2014.

  14. Jump up^ "Talks with indie labels stall over YouTube music subscription service". The Guardian. London. Retrieved June 17, 2014.

  15. Jump up^ "YouTube to block indie labels who don't sign up to new music service". The Guardian. London. Retrieved June 17,2014.

  16. Jump up^ "Lyor Cohen Named YouTube's Global Head of Music". Billboard. Retrieved January 6, 2018.

  17. Jump up^ "How YouTube Is Playing the Peacemaker With Musicians". Fortune. Retrieved January 6, 2018.

  18. Jump up^ "YouTube TV launches today. It has some cool features and some big drawbacks". Los Angeles Times. Tronc. Associated Press. April 5, 2017. Retrieved April 24, 2017.

  19. Jump up^ Christina Warren (April 5, 2017). "YouTube Is Officially in the Live TV Game Now". Gizmodo. Gizmodo Media Group. Retrieved April 24, 2017.

  20. Jump up^ Dave Lee (March 1, 2017). "YouTube takes on cable with new TV service". BBC. Retrieved March 1, 2017.

  21. Jump up^ Tom Huddleston, Jr. (March 1, 2017). "Meet YouTube TV: Google's Live TV Subscription Service". Fortune. Retrieved March 1, 2017.

  22. Jump up^ This well-placed YouTube ad on the World Series broadcast drove people crazy – Matt Clapp, Awful Announcing, October 24, 2017

  23. Jump up^ Dave, Paresh (February 1, 2018). "YouTube's emerging markets-focused app expands to 130 countries". Reuters. Retrieved February 10, 2018.

  24. Jump up^ Byford, Sam (September 27, 2016). "YouTube Go is a new app for offline viewing and sharing". The Verge. Retrieved February 10, 2018.

  25. Jump up^ Singh, Manish (February 9, 2017). "YouTube Go is finally here, kind of". Mashable. Retrieved February 10, 2018.

  26. Jump up^ Ho, Victoria (November 30, 2017). "Data-friendly YouTube Go beta launches in Southeast Asia, Africa". Mashable. Retrieved February 10, 2018.

  27. Jump up^ Perez, Sarah. "Google's data-friendly app YouTube Go expands to over 130 countries, now supports higher quality videos". TechCrunch. Retrieved February 2, 2018.

  28. Jump up^ "Google's 'offline first' YouTube Go app launches in 130 new markets, but not the U.S." VentureBeat. Retrieved February 2, 2018.

  29. Jump up^ "YouTube Adopts ISNI ID for Artists & Songwriters". ISNI. Retrieved 1 June 2018.

  30. Jump up^ "Transcript: YouTube Knows Who You Are". Beyond the Book. 18 March 2018. Retrieved 1 June 2018.

  31. Jump up^ Arrington, Michael (March 31, 2008). "YouTube RickRolls Users". TechCrunch. AOL. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  32. Jump up^ Wortham, Jenna (April 1, 2008). "YouTube 'Rickrolls' Everyone". Wired. Condé Nast. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  33. Jump up^ Bas van den Beld (April 1, 2009). "April fools: YouTube turns the world up-side-down". searchcowboys.com. Archived from the original on April 3, 2009. Retrieved April 2, 2010.

  34. Jump up^ Pichette, Patrick (March 31, 2010). "TEXTp saves YouTube bandwidth, money". Official YouTube Blog. Google. Retrieved March 25, 2017.

  35. Jump up^ Richmond, Shane (April 1, 2011). "YouTube goes back to 1911 for April Fools' Day". The Daily Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  36. Jump up^ Carbone, Nick (April 1, 2012). "April Fools' Day 2012: The Best Pranks from Around the Web". Time. Time Inc.Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  37. Jump up^ Quan, Kristene (April 1, 2013). "WATCH: YouTube Announces It Will Shut Down". Time. Time Inc. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  38. Jump up^ Kleinman, Alexis (April 1, 2014). "YouTube Reveals Its Viral Secrets in April Fools' Day Video". HuffPost. Retrieved April 1, 2014.

  39. Jump up^ Alba, Alejandro (April 1, 2015). "17 April Fools' pranks from tech brands, tech giants today". NY Daily News. Retrieved June 12, 2016.

  40. Jump up^ Sini, Rozina (April 1, 2016). "Snoopavision and other April Fools jokes going viral". BBC News. Retrieved April 1,2016.

  41. ^ Jump up to:a b Bruno, Antony (February 25, 2007). "YouTube stars don't always welcome record deals". Reuters. Archived from the original on January 16, 2014.

  42. ^ Jump up to:a b Tufnell, Nicholas (November 27, 2013). "The rise and fall of YouTube's celebrity pioneers". Wired UK. Archived from the original on January 14, 2014.

  43. Jump up^ Seabrook, John (January 16, 2012). "Streaming Dreams / YouTube turns pro". The New Yorker. Archived from the original on January 8, 2012.

  44. Jump up^ Berg, Madeline (November 2015). "The World's Top-Earning YouTube Stars 2015". Forbes. Archived from the original on November 13, 2015. • Berg, Madeline (November 2015). "The World's Top-Earning YouTube Stars 2015 / 1. PewDiePie: $12 million". Forbes. Archivedfrom the original on November 13, 2015.

  45. Jump up^ "Gangnam Style hits one billion views on YouTube". BBC News. December 21, 2012. Archived from the original on January 19, 2014.

  46. Jump up^ Thayer, Katheryn (October 29, 2013). "The Youtube Music Awards: Why Artists Should Care". Forbes. Archived from the original on November 6, 2013.

  47. Jump up^ "2013: Year in Rewind (report title) / Mapping the Landscape (specific section title)". Next Big Sound. January 2014. Archived from the original on January 20, 2014. "Developing" artists 6.9%; "Undiscovered" artists 2.8%.

  48. Jump up^ Billboard staff (February 20, 2013). "Hot 100 News: Billboard and Nielsen Add YouTube Video Streaming to Platforms". Billboard. Archived from the original on January 19, 2014.

  49. ^ Jump up to:a b c d Anderson, Chris (July 2010). "How web video powers global innovation". TED. Archived from the original on December 25, 2013. (click on "Show transcript" tab) • Corresponding YouTube video from official TED channel was titled "How YouTube is driving innovation."

  50. Jump up^ Noer, Michael (November 2, 2012). "One Man, One Computer, 10 Million Students: How Khan Academy Is Reinventing Education". Forbes. Archived from the original on December 29, 2013.

  51. Jump up^ YouTube.com (award profile), "Winner 2008", peabodyawards.com, May 2009. (Archived January 14, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. from the original on January 14, 2016).

  52. Jump up^ Poniewozik, James (April 1, 2009). "Nonprofit Press Release Theater: Peabody Awards Announced". Time. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  53. Jump up^ Tsukayama, Haley (April 20, 2012). "In online video, minorities find an audience". The Washington Post. Nash Holdings LLC. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  54. Jump up^ Journalism Project Staff (July 16, 2012). "PEJ: YouTube & News: A New Kind of Visual Journalism Is Developing, but Ethics of Attribution Have Yet to Emerge". Pew Research Center. Archived from the original on December 30, 2013.

  55. Jump up^ Journalism Project Staff (July 16, 2012). "YouTube and News: A New Kind of Visual News". Pew Research Center. Archived from the original on December 30, 2013.

  56. Jump up^ Q. Seelye, Katharine (June 13, 2007). "New Presidential Debate Site? Clearly, YouTube". The New York Times. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  57. Jump up^ Howard, Philip N. (February 23, 2011). "The Arab Spring's Cascading Effects". Pacific Standard. Archived from the original on January 8, 2014.

  58. Jump up^ Wong, Scott (March 22, 2012). "Joseph Kony captures Congress' attention". Politico. Archived from the originalon January 8, 2014.

  59. ^ Jump up to:a b c Cohen, Joshua (March 2, 2014). "Obama Meets With YouTube Advisors on How To Reach Online Audiences". Tubefilter. Archived from the original on March 3, 2014.

  60. Jump up^ Jenkins, Brad L. (March 6, 2014). "YouTube Stars Talk Health Care (and Make History) at the White House". Washington, D.C.: WhiteHouse.gov. Archived from the original on March 7, 2014.

  61. Jump up^ Journalism Project Staff (July 16, 2012). "YouTube Video Creation–A Shared Process". Pew Research Center. Archived from the original on December 31, 2013.

  62. Jump up^ Reston, Maeve (December 12, 2013). "Round 2: Obamacare and Hollywood open new social media campaign". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on December 28, 2013.

  63. Jump up^ McMorris-Santoro, Evan (March 2, 2014). "Obama Enlisted YouTube Personalities For Final Health Care Enrollment Push Last Week". Buzzfeed. Archived from the originalon March 3, 2014.

  64. Jump up^ CNN Wire Staff (September 14, 2012). "U.S. warns of rising threat of violence amid outrage over anti-Islam video". CNN. Archived from the original on December 29, 2013.

  65. Jump up^ Heffernan, Virginia (August 27, 2006). "Web Guitar Wizard Revealed at Last". The New York Times. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  66. Jump up^ Chu, Jon M. (February 2010). "The LXD: In the Internet age, dance evolves". TED. Archived from the original on January 18, 2014.

  67. ^ Jump up to:a b Nichols, Michelle (reporter); Simao, Paul (editor) (April 14, 2009). "YouTube orchestra prepares for Carnegie debut". Reuters. Archived from the original on January 19, 2014.

  68. Jump up^ Levs, Josh (interviewer) (March 6, 2010). "CNN Newsroom". CNN. Archived from the original on July 22, 2010. Also CNN Saturday Morning News and CNN Sunday Morning (archives).

  69. Jump up^ Smart, Richard (May 11, 2011). "Crowdsourcing: After Quakebook, We Pray For You". The Tokyo Times. Archived from the original on May 28, 2011.

  70. Jump up^ Hartlaub, Peter (October 8, 2010). "Dan Savage overwhelmed by gay outreach's response". San Francisco Chronicle. Archived from the original on January 3, 2014.

  71. Jump up^ "It Gets Better". WhiteHouse.gov. Archived from the original on January 3, 2014.

  72. Jump up^ "In wake of Amanda Todd suicide, MPs to debate anti-bullying motion". CTV News. October 14, 2012. Archived from the original on January 4, 2014.

  73. Jump up^ Waterson, Jim (2018-05-28). "YouTube deletes 30 music videos after Met link with gang violence". the Guardian. Retrieved 2018-05-29.

  74. ^ Jump up to:a b c Nicas, Jack (2018-02-07). "How YouTube Drives People to the Internet's Darkest Corners". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2018-06-16.

  75. Jump up^ Nicas, Jack (2017-10-06). "YouTube Tweaks Search Results as Las Vegas Conspiracy Theories Rise to Top". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2018-06-16.

  76. Jump up^ "Here's How YouTube Is Spreading Conspiracy Theories About The Vegas Shooting". BuzzFeed. Retrieved 2018-06-16.

  77. Jump up^ "The Big Tech Platforms Still Suck During Breaking News". BuzzFeed. Retrieved 2018-06-16.

  78. Jump up^ "YouTube Is Spreading Conspiracy Theories about Anthony Bourdain's Death". BuzzFeed. Retrieved 2018-06-16.

  79. ^ Jump up to:a b "Google apologises as M&S pulls ads". BBC News. 2017-03-20. Retrieved 2018-06-16.

  80. Jump up^ Lewis, Paul (2018-02-02). "'Fiction is outperforming reality': how YouTube's algorithm distorts truth". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2018-06-16.

  81. Jump up^ Levin, Sam (2018-04-23). "YouTube under fire for censoring video exposing conspiracy theorist Alex Jones". the Guardian. Retrieved 2018-06-16.

  82. Jump up^ "Opinion | YouTube, the Great Radicalizer". Retrieved 2018-06-16.

  83. Jump up^ Yen, Yi-Wyn (March 25, 2008). "YouTube Looks For the Money Clip". CNN. Retrieved March 26, 2008.

  84. Jump up^ Hardy, Quentin; Evan Hessel (May 22, 2008). "GooTube". Forbes Magazine. Retrieved August 3, 2009.

  85. ^ Jump up to:a b c ROLFE WINKLER (December 11, 2013). "YouTube Growing Faster Than Thought, Report Says". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved March 28, 2016.

  86. Jump up^ "YouTube's ad revenue estimated at $5.6 billion". YAHOO. Retrieved March 28, 2016.

  87. ^ Jump up to:a b Worstall, Tim (December 12, 2013). "Google's YouTube Ad Revenues May Hit $5.6 Billion in 2013". Forbes. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  88. Jump up^ McAllister, Neil (May 9, 2013). "YouTube launches subscriptions with 53 paid channels". The Register. Retrieved May 20, 2013.

  89. Jump up^ "Updates from VidCon: more users, more products, more shows and much more". Official YouTube Blog. Retrieved September 16, 2017.

  90. Jump up^ Knowledge@wharton. "Online Video: The Market Is Hot, but Business Models Are Fuzzy". Retrieved July 19, 2012.

  91. Jump up^ Weber, Tim (March 2, 2007). "BBC strikes Google-YouTube deal". BBC News. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  92. Jump up^ Stone, Brad; Barnes, Brooks (November 9, 2008). "MGM to Post Full Films on YouTube". The New York Times. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  93. Jump up^ D. Kramer, Staci (April 30, 2009). "It's Official: Disney Joins News Corp., NBCU In Hulu; Deal Includes Some Cable Nets". The Washington Post. Nash Holdings LLC. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  94. Jump up^ Allen, Katie (November 19, 2009). "YouTube launches UK TV section with more than 60 partners". The Guardian. London. Retrieved December 13, 2009.

  95. Jump up^ Helft, Miguel (January 20, 2010). "YouTube Takes a Small Step into the Film Rental Market". The New York Times. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  96. Jump up^ Shiels, Maggie (January 21, 2010). "YouTube turns to movie rental business". BBC News. Retrieved May 7,2010.

  97. Jump up^ "YouTube to offer film rentals in the UK". BBC News. October 7, 2011. Retrieved October 7, 2011.

  98. Jump up^ Tsotsis, Alexia (May 9, 2011). "Google Partners With Sony Pictures, Universal And Warner Brothers For YouTube Movies". TechCrunch. AOL. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  99. Jump up^ Biggs, John (May 4, 2007). "YouTube Launches Revenue Sharing Partners Program, but no Pre-Rolls". TechCrunch. AOL. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  100. Jump up^ Carmody, Tim (March 4, 2013). "It's not TV, it's the Web: YouTube partners complain about Google ads, revenue sharing". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved March 25,2017.

  101. Jump up^ "The biggest stars on YouTube make huge incomes ... yet they can't keep the vast majority of it". Business Insider. Retrieved September 16, 2017.

  1. Statistics – YouTube Retrieved May 20, 2013.

  2. Jump up^ Kaufman, Leslie (February 1, 2014). "Chasing Their Star, on YouTube". The New York Times. Retrieved March 26,2017.

  3. Jump up^ McCue, TJ. "Google's YouTube Introduces Paid Content Subscriptions". Forbes. Retrieved September 16, 2017.

  4. Jump up^ "Introduction to paid content – YouTube Help". support.google.com. Retrieved September 16, 2017.

  5. ^ Jump up to:a b "Additional Changes to the YouTube Partner Program (YPP) to Better Protect Creators". YouYube. Retrieved January 16, 2018.

  6. Jump up^ Levin, Sam (January 18, 2018). "YouTube's small creators pay price of policy changes after Logan Paul scandal". The Guardian. Retrieved January 19, 2018.

  7. Jump up^ "YouTube Creator Rewards". YouTube. Retrieved August 14, 2017.

  8. Jump up^ "What is the Gold Play Button REALLY Made Of?". YouTube. Retrieved June 6, 2017.

  9. Jump up^ "YouTube Sends PewDiePie Custom Ruby Play Button To Commemorate 50 Million Subscribers". Tubefilter. December 19, 2016. Retrieved September 16, 2017.

  10. Jump up^ Miller, Claire Cain (September 2, 2010). "YouTube Ads Turn Videos into Revenue". The New York Times. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  11. Jump up^ MacDonald, Keza (May 16, 2013). "Nintendo enforces copyright on YouTube Let's Plays". IGN. j2 Global. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  12. Jump up^ Tassi, Paul (February 6, 2015). "Nintendo Updates Their Bad YouTube Policies By Making Them Worse". Forbes. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  13. Jump up^ Johnson, Eric (February 4, 2015). "Nintendo Wants YouTubers to Pretend Its Competitors' Games Don't Exist". Recode. Vox Media. Retrieved March 25, 2017.

  14. Jump up^ Hernandez, Patricia (January 29, 2015). "Nintendo's YouTube Plan Is Already Being Panned By YouTubers [Update]". Kotaku. Univision Communications. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  15. ^ Jump up to:a b c "YouTube Community Guidelines". YouTube. Archived from the original on March 4, 2017. Retrieved November 30, 2008.

  16. Jump up^ Marsden, Rhodri (August 12, 2009). "Why did my YouTube account get closed down?". The Independent. London. Retrieved August 12, 2009.

  17. Jump up^ Why do I have a sanction on my account? YouTube. Retrieved February 5, 2012.

  18. Jump up^ "Is YouTube's three-strike rule fair to users?". BBC News. London. May 21, 2010. Retrieved February 5, 2012.

  19. Jump up^ "Viacom will sue YouTube for $1bn". BBC News. March 13, 2007. Retrieved May 26, 2008.

  20. Jump up^ "Mediaset Files EUR500 Million Suit Vs Google's YouTube". CNNMoney.com. July 30, 2008. Retrieved August 19, 2009.

  21. Jump up^ "Premier League to take action against YouTube". The Daily Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. May 5, 2007. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  22. Jump up^ "YouTube law fight 'threatens net'". BBC News. May 27, 2008. Retrieved May 28, 2008.

  23. Jump up^ "Google must divulge YouTube log". BBC News. BBC News. July 3, 2008.

  24. Jump up^ Helft, Miguel (July 4, 2008). "Google Told to Turn Over User Data of YouTube". The New York Times. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  25. Jump up^ Lefkow, Chris (June 23, 2010). "US judge tosses out Viacom copyright suit against YouTube". AFP. Retrieved June 24, 2010.

  26. Jump up^ "Google and Viacom: YouTube copyright lawsuit back on". BBC News. April 5, 2012. Retrieved April 5, 2012.

  27. Jump up^ "Google and Viacom settle seven-year YouTube row". BBC News. March 18, 2014. Retrieved March 18, 2014.

  28. Jump up^ Egelko, Bob (August 20, 2008). "Woman can sue over YouTube clip de-posting". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved August 25, 2008.

  29. Jump up^ Ohio Northern District Court (July 18, 2013). "Court Docket". Smith v. Summit Entertainment LLC. Docket Alarm, Inc. Retrieved October 21, 2014.

  30. Jump up^ District Judge James G. Carr (June 6, 2011). "Order". Smith v. Summit Entertainment LLC. United States District Court, N.D. Ohio, Western Division. Retrieved November 7,2011.

  31. Jump up^ "YouTube loses court battle over music clips". BBC News. London. April 20, 2012. Retrieved April 20, 2012.

  32. Jump up^ "YouTube's seven-year stand-off ends". BBC News. London. November 1, 2016. Retrieved November 2, 2016.

  33. Jump up^ "YouTube's Deal With Universal Blocks DMCA Counter Notices". TorrentFreak. April 5, 2013. Retrieved April 5,2013.

  34. Jump up^ "Videos removed or blocked due to YouTube's contractual obligations". Google. Retrieved April 5, 2013.

  35. Jump up^ Finley, Klint (November 19, 2015). "Google Pledges to Help Fight Bogus YouTube Copyright Claims—for a Few". Wired. Condé Nast. Retrieved March 25, 2017.

  36. Jump up^ Delaney, Kevin J. (June 12, 2007). "YouTube to Test Software To Ease Licensing Fights". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved December 4, 2011.

  37. Jump up^ "YouTube Content ID". YouTube. September 28, 2010. Retrieved May 25, 2015.

  38. ^ Jump up to:a b More about Content ID YouTube. Retrieved December 4, 2011.

  39. Jump up^ Press Statistics YouTube. Retrieved March 13, 2012.

  40. Jump up^ Von Lohmann, Fred (April 23, 2009). "Testing YouTube's Audio Content ID System". Retrieved December 4, 2011.

  41. Jump up^ Von Lohmann, Fred (February 3, 2009). "YouTube's January Fair Use Massacre". Retrieved December 4,2011.

  42. Jump up^ Content ID disputes YouTube. Retrieved December 4, 2011.

  43. Jump up^ Hernandez, Patricia. "YouTube's Content ID System Gets One Much-Needed Fix". Kotaku. Retrieved September 16,2017.

  44. Jump up^ "Remove Content ID claimed songs from my videos – YouTube Help". support.google.com. Retrieved September 17, 2017.

  45. Jump up^ Siegel, Joshua; Mayle, Doug (December 9, 2010). "Up, Up and Away – Long videos for more users". Official YouTube Blog. Google. Retrieved March 25, 2017.

  46. Jump up^ "YouTube criticized in Germany over anti-Semitic Nazi videos". Reuters. Retrieved May 28, 2008.

  47. Jump up^ "Fury as YouTube carries sick Hillsboro video insult". icLiverpool. Archived from the original on March 20, 2012. Retrieved November 29, 2015.

  48. Jump up^ Kirkup, James; Martin, Nicole (July 31, 2008). "YouTube attacked by MPs over sex and violence footage". The Daily Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  49. Jump up^ "Al-Awlaki's YouTube Videos Targeted by Rep. Weiner". Fox News. October 25, 2010. Retrieved November 13, 2010.

  50. Jump up^ F. Burns, John; Helft, Miguel (November 4, 2010). "YouTube Withdraws Cleric's Videos". The New York Times. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  51. Jump up^ Bennett, Brian (December 12, 2010). "YouTube is letting users decide on terrorism-related videos". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 29, 2015.

  52. Jump up^ Greenwald, Glenn; MacAskill, Ewen (June 7, 2013). "NSA Prism program taps in to user data of Apple, Google and others". The Guardian. Guardian News and Media Limited.

  53. Jump up^ Robertson, Adi (September 1, 2016). "Why is YouTube being accused of censoring vloggers?". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved March 25, 2017.

  54. Jump up^ Guynn, Jessica (September 2, 2016). "YouTubers protest 'advertiser friendly' policy". USA Today. Gannett Company. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  55. Jump up^ Mulkerin, Tim (September 1, 2016). "A bunch of famous YouTubers are furious at YouTube right now – here's why". Business Insider. Axel Springer SE. Retrieved March 25,2017.

  56. Jump up^ E. Solsman, Joan (September 1, 2016). "Pause the
    YouTubeIsOverParty
    : YouTube isn't pulling more ads from stars' videos"
    . CNET. CBS Interactive. Retrieved March 25, 2017.

  57. Jump up^ "Google Ad Crisis Spreads as Biggest Marketers Halt Spending". Bloomberg. Retrieved March 23, 2017.

  58. Jump up^ "YouTube: UK government suspends ads amid extremism concerns". BBC News. Retrieved March 23, 2017.

  59. Jump up^ "A YouTube Star, Reddit Detectives, and the Alt-Right Call Out a Fake News Story. Turns Out It Was Real". The Daily Beast. Retrieved April 5, 2017.

  60. Jump up^ "How one little screenshot drove YouTube to the brink". Mashable. Retrieved April 10, 2017.

  61. Jump up^ "YouTube will no longer allow creators to make money until they reach 10,000 views". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved April 6, 2017.

  62. Jump up^ "YouTube tightens rules around what channels can be monetized". The Verge. Retrieved April 14, 2018.

  63. Jump up^ Ohlheiser, Abby (April 26, 2017). "The saga of a YouTube family who pulled disturbing pranks on their own kids". The Washington Post.

  64. Jump up^ Cresci, Elena (May 7, 2017). "Mean stream: how YouTube prank channel DaddyOFive enraged the internet". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved June 7, 2017.

  65. Jump up^ Dunphy, Rachel (April 28, 2017). "The Abusive 'Pranks' of YouTube Family Vloggers". Select All. New York Magazine. Retrieved July 9, 2017.

  66. Jump up^ Gajanan, Mahita (May 3, 2017). "YouTube Star DaddyOFive Loses Custody of 2 Children Shown in 'Prank' Videos". Time. Retrieved July 9, 2017.

  67. Jump up^ Ben Popper, Adults dressed as superheroes is YouTube’s new, strange, and massively popular genre, The Verge, February 4, 2017

  68. Jump up^ Staff, Web (March 31, 2017). "Report: Thousands of videos mimicking popular cartoons on YouTube Kids contain inappropriate content". NEWS10 ABC. Retrieved April 30,2017.

  69. Jump up^ Sapna Maheshwari, On YouTube Kids, Startling Videos Slip Past Filters, The New York Times, November 4, 2017

  70. ^ Jump up to:a b Dani Di Placido, YouTube's "Elsagate" Illuminates The Unintended Horrors Of The Digital Age, Forbes, November 28, 2017

  71. ^ Jump up to:a b Todd Spangler, YouTube Terminates Toy Freaks Channel Amid Broader Crackdown on Disturbing Kids’ Content, Variety, November 17, 2017

  72. Jump up^ Popper, Ben (November 9, 2017). "YouTube says it will crack down on bizarre videos targeting children". The Verge. Archived from the original on November 16, 2017. In August of this year, YouTube announced that it would no longer allow creators to monetize videos which "made inappropriate use of family friendly characters." Today it's taking another step to try and police this genre.

  73. Jump up^ Sarah Templeton, Disturbing 'ElsaGate', 'Toy Freaks' videos removed from YouTube after abuse allegations, Newshub, November 22, 2017

  74. Jump up^ YouTube to crack down on videos showing child endangerment, ABC News, November 22, 2017

  75. Jump up^ Charlie Warzel, YouTube Is Addressing Its Massive Child Exploitation Problem BuzzFeed, November 22, 2017

  76. Jump up^ Bridge, Mark; Mostrous, Alexi (November 18, 2017). "Child abuse on YouTube". The Times. Retrieved November 28,2017. (Subscription required (help)).

  77. Jump up^ YouTube videos of children are plagued by sexual comments, The Verge, November 15, 2017

  78. ^ Jump up to:a b Mostrous, Alexi; Bridge, Mark; Gibbons, Katie (November 24, 2017). "YouTube adverts fund paedophile habits". The Times. Retrieved November 28, 2017. (Subscription required (help)).

  79. Jump up^ Todd Spangler, YouTube Faces Advertiser Boycott Over Videos With Kids That Attracted Sexual Predators, Variety, November 25, 2017

  80. Jump up^ Grossman, Lev (December 25, 2006). "You – Yes, You – Are TIME's Person of the Year". Time. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  81. Jump up^ Owen, Paul (November 3, 2009). "Our top 10 funniest YouTube comments – what are yours?". The Guardian. London. Retrieved March 13, 2014.

  82. Jump up^ Moore, Matthew (September 2, 2008). "YouTube's worst comments blocked by filter". The Daily Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  83. Jump up^ Rundle, Michael (April 7, 2012). "Policing Racism Online: Liam Stacey, YouTube And The Law Of Big Numbers". The Huffington Post. Retrieved June 1, 2012.

  84. Jump up^ "YouTube aims to tame the trolls with changes to its comments section", Stuart Dredge, The Guardian, November 7, 2013. Retrieved November 9, 2013.

  85. Jump up^ "No more links in comments?". Google product forums. 2009. Retrieved August 28, 2013.

  86. Jump up^ "View and post comments". Google Support. 2013. Archived from the original on November 17, 2013. Retrieved November 11, 2013.

  87. Jump up^ Hern, Alex (November 8, 2013). "YouTube co-founder hurls abuse at Google over new YouTube comments". The Guardian. London. Retrieved November 11, 2013.

  88. Jump up^ "Meet the new YouTube comments" on YouTube, November 6, 2013. Retrieved November 9, 2013.

  89. Jump up^ "YouTube Founder Blasts New YouTube Comments: Jawed Karim Outraged At Google Plus Requirement", Ryan W. Neal, International Business Times, November 8, 2013. Retrieved November 9, 2013.

  90. Jump up^ Chase, Melvin (November 20, 2013). "YouTube comments require Google+ account, Google faces uproar". Newsday.(subscription required) Alternate link Archived December 3, 2013, at the Wayback Machine..

  91. Jump up^ "Google unlinking Google+ from YouTube". BBC News. London. July 28, 2015. Retrieved July 29, 2015.

  92. Jump up^ E. Solsman, Joan (November 3, 2016). "YouTube helps creators blast trolls from comments". CNET. CBS Interactive. Retrieved March 25, 2017.

  93. Jump up^ Jotham, Immanuel (July 24, 2017). "New YouTube feature allows creators to automatically block spam". International Business Times UK. Retrieved September 17, 2017.

  94. Jump up^ "YouTube strips Universal and Sony of 2 billion fake views". The Daily Dot. December 21, 2012. Retrieved January 10, 2014.

  95. Jump up^ "Two billion YouTube music video views disappear … or just migrate?". The Guardian. December 28, 2012. Retrieved January 10, 2014.

  96. Jump up^ Haran, Brady (June 22, 2012). Why do YouTube views freeze at 301?. Numberphile.

  97. Jump up^ Snyder, Benjamin (August 6, 2015). "YouTube Finally Fixed This Annoying Feature". Time. Retrieved March 26,2017.

  98. ^ Jump up to:a b "YouTube Censored: A Recent History", OpenNet Initiative. Retrieved September 23, 2012.

  99. Jump up^ "The disturbing YouTube videos that are tricking children". BBC News. March 27, 2017. Retrieved September 16, 2017.

  100. Jump up^ Shu, Catherine. "YouTube responds to complaints that its Restricted Mode censors LGBT videos". TechCrunch. Retrieved September 16, 2017.

  1. Strom, Stephanie (March 9, 2012). "YouTube Finds a Way Off Schools' Banned List". The New York Times. Retrieved September 16, 2017.

  2. Jump up^ David Meerman Scott. "Facebook and YouTube blocked by paranoid corporations at their own peril". Retrieved September 16, 2017.

  3. Jump up^ Marks, Gene. "Netflix and YouTube Now Consume 50% Of The Internet As The Argument For Net Neutrality Weakens". Forbes. Retrieved September 16, 2017.

  4. Jump up^ Hannaford, Kat. "US Military Bans YouTube, Amazon and 11 Other Websites to Free Up Bandwidth for Japan Crisis". Gizmodo. Retrieved September 16, 2017.

  5. Jump up^ Tait, Robert (November 4, 2006). "Censorship fears rise as Iran blocks access to top websites". The Guardian. London. Retrieved December 17, 2006.

  6. Jump up^ "Mobile phones, Facebook, YouTube cut in Iran". American Free Press. Google. July 13, 2009. Retrieved July 8, 2009.

  7. Jump up^ "Iran blocks YouTube, Google over Mohammed video". CNN.com. September 24, 2012. Retrieved September 24,2012.

  8. Jump up^ "Thailand blocks access to YouTube". BBC. April 4, 2007. Retrieved November 30, 2008.

  9. Jump up^ "Ban on YouTube lifted after deal". The Nation. August 31, 2007. Archived from the original on September 3, 2007.

  10. Jump up^ States still hold out on YouTube The Australian, March 6, 2007. Retrieved June 2, 2015.

  11. Jump up^ "Youku Transcends YouTube as China Becomes Center of Internet". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved September 22, 2015.

  12. Jump up^ Sommerville, Quentin (March 24, 2009). "China 'blocks YouTube video site'". BBC News. Retrieved March 24,2009.

  13. Jump up^ "YouTube遭中國封鎖?". Now News. October 19, 2007. Archived from the original on October 6, 2013. Retrieved April 8, 2013.

  14. Jump up^ "China Blocks YouTube". PC World. October 18, 2007. Retrieved April 8, 2013.

  15. Jump up^ "YouTube site 'blocked' in Morocco". BBC News. May 29, 2007. Retrieved December 25, 2013.

  16. Jump up^ "YouTube again accessible via Maroc Telecom". Reporters Without Borders. May 30, 2007. Archived from the original on April 16, 2013. Retrieved May 30, 2007.

  17. Jump up^ Rosen, Jeffrey (November 28, 2008). "Google's Gatekeepers". The New York Times. Retrieved March 26,2017.

  18. Jump up^ "Turkey goes into battle with Google". BBC News. July 2, 2010. Retrieved July 3, 2010.

  19. Jump up^ "Turkey lifts two-year ban on YouTube". BBC News. October 30, 2010. Retrieved October 31, 2010.

  20. Jump up^ Champion, Marc (November 2, 2010). "Turkey Reinstates YouTube Ban". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved November 2, 2010.

  21. Jump up^ "Turkey report", Freedom on the Net 2012, Freedom House, September 24, 2012.

  22. Jump up^ "Top Sites in Turkey", Alexa. Retrieved August 26, 2010.

  23. Jump up^ B. Kelley, Michael (March 27, 2014). "YouTube Blocked in Turkey Amid High-Level Intelligence Leak". Business Insider. Axel Springer SE. Retrieved March 25, 2017.

  24. Jump up^ "Turkey moves to block YouTube access after 'audio leak'". BBC. March 27, 2014. Retrieved March 27, 2014.

  25. Jump up^ Wagstaff, Keith (March 27, 2014). "YouTube Banned in Turkey". NBC News. Retrieved March 27, 2014.

  26. Jump up^ "Pakistan blocks YouTube website". BBC. February 24, 2008. Retrieved November 30, 2008.

  27. Jump up^ "Pakistan lifts YouTube ban". ABC News (Australia). AFP. February 26, 2008. Retrieved February 26, 2008.

  28. Jump up^ "Pakistan lifts the ban on YouTube". BBC. February 26, 2008. Retrieved November 30, 2008.

  29. Jump up^ "Pakistan web users get round YouTube ban". Silicon Republic. Archived from the original on June 29, 2008. Retrieved November 30, 2008.

  30. Jump up^ "Pakistan blocks access to YouTube in internet crackdown". BBC News. May 20, 2010. Retrieved May 20,2010.

  31. Jump up^ "YouTube ban lifted by Pakistan authorities", Joanne McCabe, Metro (Associated Newspapers Limited, UK), May 27, 2010. Retrieved September 18, 2012

  32. Jump up^ "Pakistan lifts ban on YouTube", The Times of India, May 27, 2010

  33. Jump up^ Pakistan ban on YouTube stays even after one year The Economic Times, September 17, 2013. Retrieved December 11, 2013.

  34. Jump up^ "Pakistan unblocks access to YouTube". BBC News. January 18, 2016. Retrieved January 27, 2016.

  35. Jump up^ "Turkmenistan blocks access to YouTube, LJ". rt.com. Retrieved October 5, 2017.

  36. Jump up^ "Watchdog urges Libya to stop blocking websites". Agence France-Presse. Retrieved February 7, 2010.

  37. Jump up^ "Libya", Freedom on the Net 2012, Freedom House, September 24, 2012

  38. Jump up^ "Afghanistan to unblock YouTube – Afghanistan Times"Archived January 17, 2013, at the Wayback Machine., December 1, 2012.

  39. Jump up^ "Afghanistan bans YouTube to block anti-Muslim film", Miriam Arghandiwal, Reuters (Kabul), September 12, 2012.

  40. Jump up^ "YouTube blocked in Bangladesh over Prophet Mohamed video", The Independent (AP), September 18, 2012.

  41. Jump up^ Tsukayama, Haley (September 17, 2012). "YouTube blocked in Pakistan". The Washington Post. Nash Holdings LLC. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

  42. Jump up^ Devnath, Arun (September 18, 2012). "Pakistan, Bangladesh Block YouTube Amid Islam Film Protests". Bloomberg. Retrieved September 18, 2012.

  43. Jump up^ "Russian court bans anti-Islam film". The News. September 29, 2012. Archived from the original on January 17, 2013.

  44. Jump up^ Willon, Phil; Keegan, Rebecca (September 12, 2012). "'Innocence of Muslims': Mystery shrouds film's California origins". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 13,2012.

  45. Jump up^ "YouTube restricts video access over Libyan violence". CNN. September 12, 2012. Retrieved September 13, 2012.

Skydiving in 360 - Virtual Reality
Original link